胡安·龐塞·德萊昂

侯爵
胡安·龐塞·德萊昂
Juan Ponce de León
Appletons' Ponce de Leon Juan.jpg
第一任波多黎各總督
任期
1509–1512-1515–1519
前任 職位創立
繼任 Juan Ceron
個人資料
出生 1474年
卡斯蒂利亞王國桑特爾瓦斯德坎波斯
逝世 1521年7月
西屬西印度群島哈瓦那
國籍 西班牙
宗教信仰 羅馬天主教
簽名
胡安·龐塞·德萊昂埋骨地

胡安·龐塞·德萊昂(西班牙語:Juan Ponce de León,1474年-1521年7月,生於西班牙巴利亞多利德,死於古巴哈瓦那),文藝復興時期西班牙探險家,他參加了對伊斯帕尼奧拉的征服,後成為博里基恩(今波多黎各)的總督

參與過征服格拉納達、同克里斯多福·哥倫布第二次前往新大陸、他於1513年在佛羅里達附近海岸登陸,命名該地為聖奧古斯丁(今地址待考)[4],傳聞他在美洲期間出境發現過青春之泉(Fountain of Youth),這一橋段被諸多遊戲和電影引用,比如世紀帝國3神鬼奇航4

波多黎各首府聖胡安有一條主幹道胡安·龐塞·德萊昂大道(也稱25號高速)就以其名作為紀念。

延伸閱讀

  • Allen, John Logan (1997). A New World Disclosed. University of Nebraska Press.
  • Arnade, Charles W. (1967). "Who Was Juan Ponce de León?" Tequesta, The Journal of the Historical Association of Southern Florida. XXVII, 29–58.
  • Davis, T. Frederick. (1935) "History of Juan Ponce de León's Voyages to Florida: Source Records." Florida Historical Society Quarterly. V14:1.
  • Fuson, Robert H. (2000). Juan Ponce de León and the Discovery of Puerto Rico and Florida. McDonald & Woodward Publishing Co.
  • Kessell, John L. (2003). Spain in the Southwest: A Narrative History of Colonial New Mexico, Arizona, Texas, and California. University of Oklahoma Press.
  • Lawson, Edward W. (1946). The Discovery of Florida and Its Discoverer Juan Ponce de León. Reprint, Kessenger Publishing.
  • Marley, David. (2008). Wars of the Americas: A Chronology of Armed Conflict in the Western Hemisphere (2 Volumes). ABC-CLIO.
  • Morison, Samuel Eliot (1974). The European Discovery of America, The Southern Voyages. Oxford University Press.
  • Peck, Douglas T. (1993). Ponce de León and the Discovery of Florida: The Man, the Myth, and the Truth Pogo Press.
  • Salazar y Acha, Jaime de. Una Familia de la Alta Edad Media: Los Velas y su Realidad Histórica. Estudios Genealógicos y Heráldicos. Madrid: Asociación Española de Estudios Genealógicos y Heráldicos. 1985. ISBN 84-398-3591-4 (西班牙語). 
  • Torres Sevilla-Quiñones de León, Margarita Cecilia. Linajes nobiliarios de León y Castilla: Siglos IX-XIII. Salamanca: Junta de Castilla y León, Consejería de educación y cultura. 1999. ISBN 84-7846-781-5 (西班牙語). 
  • Turner, Samuel P. (2012). "The Caribbean World of Juan Ponce de León and His Discovery of Florida"頁面存檔備份,存於網際網路檔案館). Paper presented at the Culturally La Florida Conference, May 3–6, St. Augustine, Florida.
  • Turner, Samuel (2013) "Juan Ponce de León and the Discovery of Florida Reconsidered" Florida Historical Quarterly 92(1):1–31.
  • Van Middeldyk, R. A. (1903). The History of Puerto Rico. D. Appleton and Co.
  • Weddle, Robert S. (1985). Spanish Sea: the Gulf Of Mexico in North American Discovery, 1500–1685. Texas A&M University Press.
  • Wikisource-logo.svg Juan Ponce de León. 天主教百科全書. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. 

參考資料

  1. ^ Morison, Samuel Eliot. The European Discovery of America: the Southern voyages A.D. 1492-1616. Oxford University Press. 1974: 502, 515 [2019-03-08]. (原始內容存檔於2021-04-24). 
  2. ^ Cormack 1997:England
  3. ^ Andrew Numberg:Handbook to Life in Renaissance Europe.Sandra Sider 2005
  4. ^ Buisseret 1992:political applications

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