勞勃·阿特曼

勞勃·阿特曼
Robert Altman Cannes.jpg
1992年於坎城影展
導演
出生 Robert Bernard Altman
1925年2月20日
 美國密蘇里州堪薩斯市
逝世 2006年11月20日(81歲)
 美國加州洛杉磯
職業 電影導演
配偶 LaVonne Elmer (1946-1949)
Lotus Corelli (1950-1955)
Kathryn Reed (1959-2006)
兒女 Christine Altman (b.1947)
Mike Altman (b.1955)
Stephen Altman (b.1957)
Robert Reed Altman (b.1960)
Matthew R. Altman (b.1966)
活躍年代 1947年-2006年
獎項
奧斯卡金像獎
奧斯卡榮譽獎
2006年 終身成就獎
英國電影學院獎
最佳導演
1992年 《超級大玩家
最佳英國影片
2001年《謎霧莊園
艾美獎
戲劇類最佳導演
1989年 《Tanner '88》
金球獎
最佳導演
2001年《謎霧莊園
其他獎項
柏林影展金熊獎
1976年 《西塞英雄譜
坎城影展金棕櫚獎
1970年 《外科醫師
坎城影展最佳導演獎
1992年 《超級大玩家
威尼斯影展金獅獎
1993年 《銀色·性·男女

勞勃·阿特曼(英語:Robert Altman,1925年2月20日-2006年11月20日)是一位美國電影電視導演,曾經5次入圍奧斯卡最佳導演獎,於2006年獲得奧斯卡榮譽獎。知名的作品包括《外科醫師》與《納許維爾》。

阿特曼執導風格獨特,多用自然主義手法,在多部電影都不跟劇本叫演員自發演出,亦時常在一個角色未完成對白時已讓另一個角色開始說話。莉莉·湯姆琳梅麗·史翠普第78屆奧斯卡金像獎上,頒奧斯卡榮譽獎給阿特曼時的介紹詞即用了此手法[1]

作品

電影

  • Honeymoon for Harriet (1949) (short industrial film, International Harvester)
  • Modern Football (1951) (short industrial film, Official Sports Film Service)
  • The Dirty Look (1951) (short industrial film, Gulf Oil)
  • King Basketball (1952) (short industrial film, Official Sports Film Service)
  • The Last Mile (1952) (short industrial film, Caterpillar Tractor Company)
  • The Sound of Bells (1952) (short industrial film, Goodrich Corporation)
  • Modern Baseball (1953) (short industrial film, Official Sports Film Service)
  • The Builders (1954) (short industrial film, Wire Reinforcement Institute)
  • Better Football (1954) (short industrial film, Official Sports Film Service)
  • The Perfect Crime (1954) (short industrial film, Caterpillar Tractor Company)
  • The Magic Bond (1955) (short industrial film, Veterans of Foreign Wars)
  • The Delinquents (1957)
  • 《占士甸傳》 The James Dean Story (1957) (documentary) (co-dir: George W. George)
  • The Katherine Reed Story (1965) (short documentary)
  • Pot au feu (1965) (short)
  • Girl Talk (1966) (ColorSonics short)
  • The Party (1966) (ColorSonics short)
  • Speak Low (1966) (ColorSonics short)
  • Ebb Tide (1966) (ColorSonics short)
  • 《太陽神登月先鋒》 Countdown (1968)
  • 《落花有意》 That Cold Day in the Park (1969)
  • 外科醫師》(MASH,1970)
  • 《空中怪客》 Brewster McCloud (1970)
  • 《花村/江湖豪客俏佳人》(McCabe & Mrs. Miller) (1971)
  • Images (1972)
  • 《撲朔迷離》 The Long Goodbye (1973)
  • 《江洋大盜》 Thieves Like Us (1974)
  • 《爛賭仔與小老千》 California Split (1974)
  • 納許維爾》(Nashville) (1975)
  • 西塞英雄譜Buffalo Bill and the Indians, or Sitting Bull's History Lesson (1976)
  • 三女性3 Women (1977)
  • 《婚禮/良辰吉日》(A Wedding) (1978)
  • 《五面受敵》 Quintet (1979)
  • 《天生一對》 A Perfect Couple (1979)
  • 《選舉風雲》 HealtH (1980)
  • 大力水手Popeye (1980)
  • 《偶像的失落》 Come Back to the Five and Dime, Jimmy Dean, Jimmy Dean (1982)
  • 《出師未捷身先死》 Streamers (1983)
  • Secret Honor (1984)
  • O.C. & Stiggs (1984) (released in 1987)
  • 《錫曬你》 Fool for Love (1985)
  • 《盲目錫哂你》 Beyond Therapy (1987)
  • 《菩薩蠻 / 末世風情畫》 Aria (1987) - segment: Les Boréades
  • 《梵谷與我/梵谷與提奧》 Vincent and Theo (1990)
  • 超級大玩家The Player (1992)
  • 銀色·性·男女》(Short Cuts) (1993)
  • 《雲裳風暴》Prêt-à-Porter,英文譯名Ready to Wear (1994)
  • 肯薩斯的最後一夜》(Kansas City,1996)
  • 《迷色佈局》 The Gingerbread Man (1998)
  • 《藏錯屍體殺錯人/玩謝嫌疑犯》(Cookie's Fortune) (1999)
  • 《浪漫醫生》(Dr. T & the Women) (2000)
  • 謎霧莊園》(Gosford Park) (2001)
  • 《舞動世紀》The Company (2003)
  • 大家來我家A Prairie Home Companion (2006),又名The Last Show

電視

電視電影及短劇

  • Nightmare in Chicago (1964) [previously "Once Upon a Savage Night" in Kraft Suspense Theater]
  • Precious Blood (1982) - TV-Movie written by Frank South
  • Rattlesnake in a Cooler (1982) - TV-Movie written by Frank South
  • Secret Honor (1984)
  • The Laundromat (1985) (60 min.)
  • Basements (1987) - two one-act plays by Harold Pinter: The Dumb Waiter and The Room (the former was released to video as its own feature by Prism Entertainment)
  • Tanner '88 (1988) - six hour mini-series for HBO
  • The Caine Mutiny Court Martial (1988) - TV-Movie based on the play by Herman Wouk
  • Vincent & Theo (1990) - British Mini-series in 4 parts, later released in edited form worldwide as feature film.
  • McTeague (1992) - an opera for PBS
  • The Real McTeague (1993) - making of "McTeague", also for PBS
  • Black and Blue (1993) - an Emmy nominated filmed play which aired on PBS' "Great Performances"
  • Robert Altman's Jazz '34 (1996) - PBS special about the music from Kansas City
  • Tanner on Tanner (2004) - two hour mini-series for the Sundance Channel, a follow-up to Tanner '88

電視劇集

  • Alfred Hitchcock Presents (1957–58)
    • ep. 3-9: "The Young One" (air-date December 1, 1957)
    • ep. 3-15: "Together" (a.d. January 12, 1958)
  • M Squad (1958) ep. 1-21: "Lover's Lane Killing" (a.d. February 14, 1958)
  • The Millionaire aka If You Had A Million (1958–59)
    directed by Altman
    • ep #148 / 5-14: "Pete Hopper: Afraid of the Dark" (a.d. December 10, 1958)
    • ep #162 / 5-28: "Henry Banning: The Show Off" (a.d. April 1, 1959)
    • ep #185 / 6-14: "Jackson Greene: The Beatnik" (a.d. December 22, 1959)
    written by Altman
    • ep #160 / 5-26: "Alicia Osante: Beauty and the Sailor" (a.d. March 18, 1959)
    • ep #174 / 6-3: "Lorraine Dagget: The Beach Story" [story] (a.d. September 29, 1959)
    • ep #183 / 6-12: "Andrew C. Cooley: Andy and Clara" (a.d. December 8, 1959)
  • Whirlybirds (1958–59)
    • ep. #71 / 2-32: "The Midnight Show" (a.d. December 8, 1958)
    • ep. #79 / 3-1: "Guilty of Old Age" (a.d. April 13, 1959)
    • ep. #80 / 3-2: "A Matter of Trust" (a.d. April 6, 1959)
    • ep. #81 / 3-3: "Christmas in June" (a.d. April 20, 1959)
    • ep. #82 / 3-4: "Til Death Do Us Part" (unknown air-date, probably April 27, 1959)
    • ep. #83 / 3-5: "Time Limit" (a.d. May 4, 1959)
    • ep. #84 / 3-6: "Experiment X-74" (a.d. May 11, 1959)
    • ep. #87 / 3-9: "The Challenge" (a.d. June 1, 1959)
    • ep. #88 / 3-10: "The Big Lie" (a.d. June 8, 1959)
    • ep. #91 / 3-13: "The Perfect Crime" (a.d. June 29, 1959)
    • ep. #92 / 3-14: "The Unknown Soldier" (a.d. July 6, 1959)
    • ep. #93 / 3-15: "Two of a Kind" (a.d. July 13, 1959)
    • ep. #94 / 3-16: "In Ways Mysterious" (a.d. July 20, 1959)
    • ep. #97 / 3-19: "The Black Maria" (a.d. August 10, 1959)
    • ep. #98 / 3-20: "The Sitting Duck" (a.d. August 17, 1959)
    • ep. 4-17: "The Triple Cross"
    • ep. 4-23: "Shortcut to Hell"
    • ep. 4-25: "R.I.P." (a.d. June 6, 1959)
    uncertain; some sources cite Altman on these episodes; no known source cites anybody else
    • ep. 4-18: "The Third Miracle"
    • ep. 4-31: "Kill or Be Killed"
    • ep. 4-32: "Backfire"
    • ep. "Tapes For Murder"
    • ep. "Special Delivery"
    • ep. "Paper Bullets"
    • ep. "Tarnished Star"
  • Troubleshooters (1959) (13 episodes)
  • Hawaiian Eye (1959) ep. 8: "Three Tickets to Lani" (a.d. November 25, 1959)
  • Sugarfoot (1959–60)
    • ep. #47 / 3-7: "Apollo With A Gun" (a.d. December 8, 1959)
    • ep. #50 / 3-10: "The Highbinder" (a.d. January 19, 1960)
  • Westinghouse Desilu Playhouse (1960)
    • ep. "The Sound of Murder" (a.d. January 1, 1960)
    • ep. "Death of a Dream"
  • The Gale Storm Show aka Oh! Susanna (1960) ep. #125 / 4-25: "It's Magic" (a.d. March 17, 1960)
  • Bronco (1960) ep #41 / 3-1: "The Mustangers" (a.d. October 17, 1960)
  • Maverick (1960) ep. #90: "Bolt From the Blue" (a.d. November 27, 1960)
  • The Roaring '20s (1960–61)
    • ep. 1-5: "The Prairie Flower" (a.d. November 12, 1960)
    • ep. 1-6: "Brother's Keeper" (a.d. November 19, 1960)
    • ep. 1-8: "White Carnation" (a.d. December 3, 1960)
    • ep. 1-12: "Dance Marathon" (a.d. January 14, 1961)
    • ep. 1-15: "Two a Day" (a.d. February 4, 1961)
    • ep. 1-28&29: "Right Off the Boat" Parts 1 & 2 (a.d. May 13/20, 1961)
    • ep. 1-31: "Royal Tour" (a.d. June 3, 1961)
    • ep. 2-4: "Standing Room Only" (a.d. October 28, 1961)
  • Bonanza (1960–61)
    • ep. 2-13: "Silent Thunder" (a.d. December 10, 1960)
    • ep. 2-19: "Bank Run" (a.d. January 28, 1961)
    • ep. 2-25: "The Duke" (a.d. March 11, 1961)
    • ep. 2-28: "The Rival" (a.d. April 15, 1961)
    • ep. 2-31: "The Secret" (a.d. May 6, 1961)
    • ep. 2-32 "The Dream Riders" (a.d. May 20, 1961)
    • ep. 2-34: "Sam Hill" (a.d. June 3, 1961)
    • ep. 3-7: "The Many Faces of Gideon Finch" (a.d. November 5, 1961)
  • Lawman (1961) ep. #92 / 3-16: "The Robbery" (a.d. January 1, 1961)
  • Surfside 6 (1961) ep. 1-18: "Thieves Among Honor" (a.d. Jan 30, 1961)
  • Peter Gunn (1958) ep. 3-28: "The Murder Bond" (a.d. April 24, 1961)
  • Bus Stop (1961–62)
    • ep. 4: "The Covering Darkness" (a.d. October 22, 1961)
    • ep. 5: "Portrait of a Hero" (a.d. October 29, 1961)
    • ep. 8: "Accessory By Consent" (a.d. November 19, 1961)
    • ep. 10: "A Lion Walks Among Us" (a.d. December 3, 1961)
    • ep. 12: "... And the Pursuit of Evil" (a.d. December 17, 1961)
    • ep. 15: "Summer Lightning" (a.d. January 7, 1962)
    • ep. 23: "Door Without a Key" (a.d. March 4, 1962)
    • ep. 25: "County General" [possibly failed pilot] (a.d. March 18, 1962)
  • Route 66 (1961)
    • ep. #40/2-10: "Some of the People, Some of the Time' (a.d. December 1, 61)
    • ep. 3-17: "A Gift For A Warrior" (a.d. January 18, 1963) - often incorrectly cited, Altman did not direct this
  • The Gallant Men (1962) pilot: "Battle Zone" (a.d. October 5, 1962)
  • Combat! (1962–63)
    • ep. 1-1: "Forgotten Front" (a.d. October 2, 1962)
    • ep. 1-2: "Rear Echelon Commandos" (a.d. October 9, 1962)
    • ep. 1-4: "Any Second Now" (a.d. October 23, 1962)
    • ep. 1-7: "Escape to Nowhere" (a.d. December 20, 1962)
    • ep. 1-9: "Cat and Mouse" (a.d. December 4, 1962)
    • ep. 1-10: "I Swear By Apollo" (a.d. December 11, 1962)
    • ep. 1-12: "The Prisoner" (a.d. December 25, 1962)
    • ep. 1-16: "The Volunteer" (a.d. January 22, 1963)
    • ep. 1-20: "Off Limits" (a.d. February 19, 1963)
    • ep. 1-23: "Survival" (a.d. March 12, 1963)
  • Kraft Suspense Theatre (1963)
    • ep 1-8: "The Long Lost Life of Edward Smalley" (also writer) (a.d. December 12, 1963)
    • ep 1-9: "The Hunt" (also writer) (a.d. December 19, 1963)
    • ep 1-21: "Once Upon a Savage Night"
      released as TV-Movie Nightmare in Chicago in 1964
  • The Long Hot Summer (1965) pilot
  • Nightwatch (1968) pilot: "The Suitcase"
  • Premiere (1968) ep. "Walk in the Sky" (a.d. July 15 1968)
  • Saturday Night Live (1977) ep. #39 / 2-16 "h: Sissy Spacek", seg. "Sissy's Roles" (a.d. March 12, 1977)
  • Gun (aka Robert Altman's Gun) (1997) ep. 4: "All the President's Women" (a.d. May 10 1997)
    this episode, along with another, was released on DVD as Gun: Fatal Betrayal; subsequently, the entire six-episode series was released

參考

延伸閱讀

  • Caso, Frank. Robert Altman in the American Grain. London: Reaktion Books. 2015. ISBN 978-1-78023-522-6. 
  • The director's commentary on the McCabe & Mrs. Miller DVD, while focusing on that film, also to some degree covers Altman's general methodology as a director.
  • Judith M. Kass. Robert Altman: American Innovator early (1978) assessment of the director's work and his interest in gambling. Part of Leonard Maltin's Popular Library filmmaker series.
  • The English band Maxïmo Park have a song named "Robert Altman", a b-side to their single "Our Velocity"
  • The Criterion Collection has released several of Altman's films on DVD (Short Cuts, 3 Women, Tanner '88, Secret Honor) which include audio commentary and video interviews with him that shed light on his directing style.
  • Charles Warren, "Cavell, Altman and Cassavetes" in the Stanley Cavell special issue, Jeffey Crouse (ed.), Film International, Issue 22, Vol. 4, No. 4, 2006, pp. 14–20.
  • Rick Armstrong, "Robert Altman: Critical Essays" Actors, historians, film scholars, and cultural theorists reflect on Altman and his five-decade career...(McFarland, February 18, 2011)
  • Mitchell Zuckoff, Robert Altman: The Oral Biography. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2009. ISBN 978-0-307-26768-9
  • Description and details on the Short Cuts Soundtrack for more in-depth information about this title.
  • Helene Keyssar, Robert Altman's America. Oxford, 1991

外部連結

前任:
亞倫·帕克
《追夢者》
英國電影學院獎最佳導演
1992
繼任:
史蒂芬·史匹柏
辛德勒的名單
前任:
李安
臥虎藏龍
金球獎最佳導演
2001
繼任:
馬丁·史柯西斯
紐約黑幫

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